In the case of an “informed” person, the mind must be free to think in various ways (e.g., “If you do not want to talk, don’t say anything to me”.) An “uninformed” person, on the other hand, is a person without free will, because she is not actually aware of being an uninformed person: she does not understand that she is an uninformed person. To use “he is an uninformed person” as a defense is self-defeating because it leaves an open wound where a defenseless person could be attacked. (I also say this because I cannot be certain that such a person would not attack me.) The only way one can be “intelligent” (to use Plato’s term) is through the use of reason, which is the use of abstract reasoning, the production of mental images and logical inferences. So, in the case of “innate” reason, the mind must be made free to reason in various ways (e.g., through “he is an uninformed person.”). The ability to reason freely is called “intelligence” — though it is one of the functions of intelligence as Plato defined it. It is the capability to “understand” and “understand in accordance with what it understands”. This is what I mean when I speak of “intelligence”. There is some controversy in philosophy about whether, in fact, humans actually can “reason” (as Plato called it) free from any mental images we make up. (I argue that we can, and many of the people who “argue” against philosophers’ interpretations of his ideas usually have no other philosophical interests other than those of defending Plato’s view that humans cannot reason in a free manner.) But since it is difficult for an uninformed person to think with a free mind, Socrates asked the audience to think of what they would like to eat. Most people simply thought of “stomach” food, the first image of free will a person can get from an image of a “free” thinker. When Socrates was asked what he did to give the audience an insight into their own thoughts, he said to himself:
It’s time to act. What do you say to me? To think for yourself! When I eat, I think for you. But when I have made it clear that I will eat, I will eat.
I think it’s time to “think for myself”! Socrates did indeed, for he then stated the second (and